These behaviours can be considered normal, healthy behaviours of personal development. They may demonstrate a person is inquisitive, socially responsible, concerned, and healthy. They adhere to principles that are democratic, lawful, pluralistic, and socially minded. They do not indicate a person is vulnerable to radicalization.
These behaviours can be associated with a person starting to experience change in life and may indicate personal crisis. A person may be starting to have a narrow focus on society and may be vulnerable or on an early trajectory toward radicalization.
These behaviours can be associated with a person on a path towards radicalization. The person is involved in an ideology, and may have identified with an extremist group or be seeking material to further entrench their ideological belief system. The person is developing or has established attitudes that support the use of violence to achieve political or social change. They may be deeply untrusting of anyone or anything not aligned to their ideology.
These behaviours can show a person believes in an ideology that supports the use of violence as the only way to achieve political or social change. They should be referred to ReDirect immediately.
- Engages in impassioned conversation and debate with family, friends, or others to defend convictions.
- Expresses identity to a culture or religious faith through: traditional clothing, wearing other symbols of faith, tattoos, jewelry and other expressions not discriminatory in intent.
- Active on social media in a non-offensive manner.
- Peacefully and democratically engages in activism or social issues relating to politics, community, a group, or an individual.
- Adopts a new ideological, religious, or political belief system that does not conflict with pluralistic and democratic societal values.
- Constructively challenges or supports the actions and policies of Canadian or foreign governments.
- Makes a decision to deepen faith in a religion, or decides to adopt a religious faith not previously connected to.
- Typical youth behaviours such as mood swings, rebellion, or adult-to-youth boundary testing.
Engagement with ReDirect is not necessary.
- Begins to isolate themselves from family or close friends which is out of character or unexplained.
- Expresses or feels a sense of rejection, and or, victimization by wider society or the community.
- Expresses a conspiracy theory that goes beyond general societal concern about a specific issue.
- Holds or expresses views that are polarizing, extremely secular, paranoid, or deeply mistrusting in nature.
- Behaviour causes family, friends, or others to have genuine concern for the person’s physical and/or mental well-being.
- Sudden and noticeable change in habits.
- Abuses substances such as alcohol, illegal or prescription drugs.
- Struggles with unmet aspirations or failure to achieve goals they have set themselves.
- Shows increasing intolerance to, and quickly condemns people who disagree or hold more moderate views to their own.
- Behaviours that indicate a struggle to find an identity or discover who they are.
Seek help from community organizations, friends, family, or a faith leader; or contact ReDirect for advice.
- Sudden/unexplained disengagement from professional or academic activities, family or close friends.
- Spends time exclusively with a new individual or group of acquaintances.
- Expresses a religious obligation to stop evil and accepts the possibility of self-sacrifice or martyrdom.
- Holds or expresses opinions and views that dehumanize others.
- Posts, re-sends, shares, accesses material that actively supports an extremist/ terrorist group, ideology, or activity.
- Is secretive or deceitful with family and friends about their activities.
- Possesses propaganda materials of an extremist group (not acquired for professional or academic reasons).
- Noticeable, unexplained or out of character behaviours since travelling abroad.
- Rapidly sells personal property, and/or seeks financing not attributed to normal life such as debt repayment, house or car buying, tuition, etc.
- Has become fixated with a social or political issue and their behaviour is increasingly being defined by the fixation.
- Changes their clothing and or appearance to either openly or subliminally support a violent ideology (e.g. clothing bearing the number ‘88’ in support of Nazism.)
Someone observing these behaviours should not hesitate to contact ReDirect.
- Attitudes that legitimizes the use of violence or other criminal behaviour in defence of, or to further a political or social cause.
- Associates with other people that are known to hold non-pluralistic, undemocratic, extremist, or violent ideologies and belief systems.
- Is actively in contact with an extremist/ terrorist group or network by any means.
- Actively tries to recruit others to an ideological cause that encourages the use of violence to bring about social or political change.
- Actively provides material or organisational support to an individual or group from an extremist/ terrorist group that can include: distributing propaganda material, acquiring financial support, and ignoring or turning a blind eye to activities that they know to be unlawful.
- Perpetrates violence or is actively planning to take action that will involve using violence against others in pursuit of an extremist ideological cause.
- Is actively planning to travel to a conflict zone to engage in or support violence.
A person observing these behaviours should contact ReDirect immediately.
If the person may be at imminent risk of harming themself or others, call 9-1-1.